[Working Paper] Migration and nutrition of the left-behind individuals: Evidence from Ghana

Abstract

Using data from two survey waves in Ghana, this paper analyzes the impact of migration on the nutrition of the individuals left behind. The results drawn from kernel-based propensity score matching difference-in-differences show that migration of an individual outside a household negatively affects the body weight of left-behind adults and the BMI-for-age z-score of children. The negative impact is more pronounced for men and adults with a healthy nutritional status, girls, and overweight/obese and healthy children. Among the potential channels, the income channel through remittances does not appear to offset the adverse effects for all individuals. It only partially reduces the decline in the z-score of some vulnerable children left behind. On the other hand, we may capture the short-term effects of migration. Indeed, when the household solely receives remittances without having a migrant between the two survey waves, we find positive effects on child nutrition, which probably reflects the long-term impacts of remittances.

Adrien Gosselin-Pali
Adrien Gosselin-Pali
PhD candidate in Development Economics

PhD candidate in Development Economics at University Clermont Auvergne, CERDI, CNRS, France.